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References for The Why and How To Teach Spelling (Parts I and II)


These are selected references for the two-part article, "The Why and How to Teach Spelling," by Beverly L. Adams-Gordon. Part One is The Three Basic Approaches and Part Two is Establishing Teaching Strategies.

1 Gertrude A. Boyd and E. Gene Talbert, Spelling in the Elementary School (Arizona State University) (Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill Publishing Co., 1971).

2 Paul R. Hanna and R. E. Hodges Jr., “Spelling and Communications Theory: A Model and an Annotated Bibliography,” Elementary English, 40: 483-505ff.; May 1963.

3 Eldon Stetson and others, “Eight Years of Theory and Practice in Spelling and Those Who Wrote the Programs Forgot to Read the Literature,” (Clearwater, FL: National Reading Conference, 1982).

4 Ves Thomas, Teaching Spelling: Canadian Word Lists and Instructional Techniques (Calgary, Alberta, Canada: Gage Educational Publishing Limited, 1974).

5 Ernest Horn, “Teaching Spelling,” Department of Classroom Teachers, American Education Research Association of the National Education Association, (p. 16), NEA, January 1954.

6 Donald H. Parker, Schooling for Individual Excellence (New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1963).

7 Norris G. Haring and others, The Fourth R: Research in the Classroom (Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill, 1978).

8 G. A. Vergason, “Facilitation Of Memory In The Retardate,” Exceptional Children, 1968, 34, (8), 589-594.

9 Paul R. Hanna and others, Phoneme-Grapheme Correspondences as Cues to Spelling Improvement (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, U.S. Office of Education, 1966).

10 Gertrude A. Boyd and E. Gene Talbert, Spelling in the Elementary School (Arizona State University), (Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill Publishing Co., 1971).

11 Carleton W. Washburne and Sidney Marland Jr., Winnetka: The History and Significance of an Educational Experiment (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1963).

12 Gertrude Hildreth, Teaching Spelling: A Guide to Basic Principles and Practices (New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1955).

13 Gertrude Hildreth, Learning the 3 R’s, Minneapolis, Cumberland Education Series, Educational Publishers, Inc., 1947.

14 C. A. McGuigan, “The Effects of a Flowing Word List and the Implementation of Procedures in the Add-a-word Spelling Program,” Working Paper No. 52, Experimental Education Unit, University of Washington (Seattle, 1975).

15 Thomas Horn, “Spelling,” in Encyclopedia of Educational Research, 4th ed, edited by R.C. Ebel (London: Macmillan Co., 1969), pp. 1285-1299.

16 Arthur Gates, “An Experimental Comparison in the Study-Test and the Test-Study Method in Spelling,” Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 22, Jan. 1931, pp. 1-19.

17 Ernest Horn, “Spelling,” in Encyclopedia of Educational Research (New York: Macmillan and Company, 1960), p. 1346.

18 Thomas Horn, “The Effect of the Corrected Test on Learning to Spell,” Elementary School Journal, 47, pp. 277-285, 1947.

19 Robert J. Fitzsimmons and Bradley M. Loomer, Spelling: The Research Basis (Iowa City: University of Iowa, 1980).

20 Thomas Horn, “The Effect of the Corrected Test on Learning to Spell,” Elementary School Journal, 47, pp 277-285, 1947.

21 Anna Gillingham and Bessie W. Stillman, Remedial Training for Children with Specific Disability in Reading, Spelling, and Penmanship, 5th ed. (Cambridge, MA: Educators Publishing Service, Inc., 1964).

22 Thomas D. Horn, “The Effect of the Corrected Test on Learning to Spell”, Elementary School Journal 47, pp. 277-285, 1947.

23 Norris G. Haring and others, The Fourth R: Research in the Classroom (Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill Publishing Company, 1978).

24 L. S. Tireman, “The Value of Marking Hard Spots in Spelling,” (Master’s Thesis, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 1927).

25 Arthur Gates, A List of Spelling Difficulties in 3,876 Words (New York: Bureau of Publication, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1937).

26 Fred J. Schonell, The Essential Spelling List: 3200 Everyday Words Selected, Graded and Grouped According to Common Difficulty (London: Macmillan Co., Ltd. 1932).

27 Paul R. Hanna and others, Phoneme-Grapheme Correspondences as Cues to Spelling Improvement (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, U.S. Office of Education, 1966).

28 Ralph M. Williams, “The Teaching of Spelling” in The Encyclopedia of Education, Crowell-Collier Educational Corporation (The Macmillan Co., 1971), Vol. 8, pp. 387-391.

29 Wagner and others, Language Games (Darien, CT: Teacher’s Publishing Corporation, 1963).

30 Ernest Horn, “Spelling,” in Encyclopedia of Educational Research (New York: Macmillan and Company, 1960), p. 1346.

31 Gertrude A. Boyd and E. Gene Talbert, Spelling in the Elementary School (Arizona State University), (Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill Publishing Co., 1971).

32 Jerome S. Bruner, Toward a Theory of Instruction (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966). (1st: pp. 113-138 and 2nd p. 114)

33 B. R. Bugelski, The Psychology of Learning Applied to Teaching, Second Edition (Indianapolis, IN: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1964).

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